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State of Virginia

Flag of the State of Virginia

The Governor of Virginia was an official usually from that state, appointed by the King to serve their required term in office. The Governor was in charge of collecting taxes, repairing roads, paying officials in the local governments, protecting their borders, enforcing the Royal Bill of Rights within state cases, and served King and Congress. Although, with Virginia being such a large and powerful state within the country, their Governors were typically given more freedom than in other states.

The first Governor of Virginia under the monarchy was appointed in 1807; before this, the Governors were popularly elected by the people of the state. Under the state's first constitution, Governors served for one year terms, with a limit of 3 consecutive terms; after leaving office, former Governors could return to their post. This changed in 1830, when an amendment was added to the Virginia Constitution, changing the Governor's term to a single, nonrenewable three year term. This created a special situation where after serving a one year term, Governor John Floyd was appointed to a three year term, making him the longest serving Governor of Virginia.

Governors of Virginia
# Name Term Party Terms
1 John Tyler Sr. 1807-1810 Crown 3
2 James Monroe 1810-1813 Crown 3
3 James Barbour 1813-1816 Crown 3
4 George William Smith 1816-1819 Crown 3
5 James Monroe 1819-1822 Crown 3
6 John Tyler 1822-1823 Crown 1
7 William Henry Harrison 1823-1826 Crown 3
8 Abel P. Upshur 1826-1829 Whig 3
9 John Floyd 1829-1833 Crown 2
10 Littleton Waller Tazewell 1833-1836 Crown 1
11 Wyndham Robertson 1836-1839 Whig 1
12 David Campbell 1839-1842 Crown 1
13 Thomas Walker Gilmer 1842-1845 Whig 1
14 William Smith 1845-1848 Crown 1
15 John B. Floyd 1848-1851 Crown 1
16 Henry A. Wise 1851-1854 Know-Nothing 1